The Republic of Slovenia is a country in south-eastern Europe
bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest,
Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and
Austria to the north. The capital and largest city of Slovenia is
Slovenia is a small country with a total area of 20,273 square
kilometres. It is a Member State of the European Union.
Its climate is submediterranean on the coast, alpine in the
mountains and continental with mild to hot summers and cold winters
in the plateaus and valleys to the east. Average temperatures are
-2 °C in January and 21 °C in July.
Information on the current weather in Slovenia can be accessed
through the following web page of the National
Meteorological Service of Slovenia.
The early Slovenes settled in the river valleys of the Danube Basin
and the eastern Alps in the 6th century. In the 8th century,
Slovenia was brought under Germanic rule, first by the Frankish
empire and then as part of the Holy Roman Empire in the 9th
century. The Austro-German monarchy took over in the early
14th century and continued to rule (as the Austrian Habsburg Empire
from 1804) right up until 1918, with only one brief interruption
when Napoleon established the so-called Illyrian Provinces
(1809-1813), making Ljubljana the capital. Following World
War I the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed in 1918.
In 1929 this was renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During WWII
Slovenia was annexed by Germany, Italy and Hungary. After the war
Slovenia joined the federal Yugoslavia. Slovenia declared its
independence on 25 June 1991. It joined the European Union
and NATO in 2004.
Around 2 million inhabitants live in Slovenia. With 99 inhabitants
per square kilometre (256/sq mi), Slovenia ranks low among
European countries in population density.
The Republic of Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy.
The President of the Republic of Slovenia
(Predsednik Republike) is the Head of State and is elected
for a five-year term in direct, general elections.
The Government (Vlada), headed by the Prime
Minister (Predsednik Vlade) is elected for a four-year
The Parliament has two chambers — the National
Assembly (Državni zbor) [88 representatives elected
for a four-year term in direct, general elections, and one
representative each from the Italian and Hungarian national
communities] and the National Council (Državni svet)
[40 Members elected for a five year term in indirect elections
by interest organisations and local communities].
GMT + 1 (Summer time from end March till the end October GMT + 2
The official language is Slovenian, which is a member of the South
Slavic language group. Hungarian and Italian enjoy the status of
official languages in the ethnically mixed regions along the
Hungarian and Italian borders.
Slovenia offers tourists a wide variety of landscapes in a small
space: Alpine in the northwest, Mediterranean in the southwest,
Pannonian in the northeast and Dinaric in the southeast. Slovenia
has many interesting towns that are well worth visiting: Ljubljana,
Maribor, Ptuj and Škofja Loka are just a few of them. Other
attractions include the Julian Alps with the picturesque Lake Bled
in the town of Bled, the Soča valley, and the country’s
highest peak, Mount Triglav (2,864 metres). Perhaps even
more famous is Slovenia's Karst plateau in southwestern Slovenia.
More than 28 million visitors have visited Postojna Cave, while a
15-minute ride from it are Škocjan Caves, a UNESCO World Heritage
Site. Further in the same direction is the coast of the Adriatic
Sea (46.6 kilometres), with a jewel of Venetian Gothic
architecture, the town of Piran. The hills around the nation's
second city, Maribor, are renowned for their wine-making. Geology
has made the northeastern part of the country rich with spas
(Rogaška, Čatež, Radenci, Zreče, Dobrna,…). Slovenia is an
excellent place for sport and recreation; active holidays are
possible in all parts of the country during all seasons. Slovenia
has many ski centres (Kranjska Gora, Maribor Pohorje, Rogla,
Krvavec, Kanin,..), and very good conditions for hunting and
fishing. The Soča and other rivers present a challenge to kayakers,
canoeists and rafters and bicycling is also possible almost
National Tourist Association