The Republic of Croatia borders with Slovenia and Hungary to the
north, Serbia to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the east,
and Montenegro to the far southeast. Its southern and western
flanks border the Adriatic Sea. The capital and largest city is
Croatia is a mid-size European country with a total area of 56,542
Northern Croatia has a temperate continental climate whereas
central, semi-mountainous and mountainous regions have a
mountainous climate. The entire Adriatic coast has a pleasant
Mediterranean climate. Spring and autumn are mild along the coast,
while winter is cold and snowy in central and northern regions. The
average temperature inland in January ranges from 0 to 2°C, while
in August it ranges from 19 to 23°C. The average temperature at the
seaside is higher: January from 6 to 11°C, August from 21 to 27°C.
Information on the current weather in Croatia can be accessed on
the website of the Meteorological and Hydrological Service.
Croatia first appeared as a duchy in the 7th century and then as a
kingdom in the 10th century. In 1102 it entered into a personal
union with the Hungarian Kingdom. Croatia became a part of the
Habsburg Monarchy in 1527. In 1918, after the dissolution of the
Austro-Hungarian Empire, Croatia joined the Kingdom of Serbs,
Croats and Slovenes (later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). In 1941-1945
an Axis puppet-state known as the Independent State of Croatia
existed. After the war, Croatia became one of the constituent
republics of the federal Yugoslavia. Croatia proclaimed
independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991.
Croatia is now working to become a member of the European Union,
and has been invited to become a member of NATO.
Around 4.4 million inhabitants live in Croatia. The population
density is 78.5 inhabitants per square kilometre.
The Republic of Croatia is a parliamentary democracy.
The President of the Republic (Predsjednik
Republike) is the head of state, directly elected for a
The Croatian Government (Vlada) is
headed by the Prime minister.
The Croatian Parliament
(Sabor) is a unicameral legislative body. Currently the
Croatian Parliament has 153 members, who are elected directly for a
term of four years.
GMT + 1 (Summer time from end March till the end October GMT + 2
The official language is Croatian, which is a member of the South
Slavic language group. Many Croatians speak English as their second
language, but Italian and German are popular too.
Tourism in Croatia is a well-developed industry as Croatia is an
attractive tourist destination, particularly because of its
extensive coastline and well-preserved historical towns. A lot of
architectural and natural sights can be found in Croatia. Some of
the most famous ones are on the UNESCO World Heritage List: the old
city of Dubrovnik, the Historical Complex of Split with the Palace
of Diocletian, the Cathedral of Saint Jacob in Šibenik, the
historic City of Trogir, the Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian
Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč, and the Plitvice Lakes
National Park. In addition, there are several protected areas in
Croatia (including Kornati, Brijuni, Krka, Paklenica, Mljet, and